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What are G7 countries promising on COVID vaccines?

Pledges of lots of of thousands and thousands of vaccine doses to poor countries are seen as an effort to counter China’s widening vaccine diplomacy.

Group of Seven leaders are pledging to donate lots of of thousands and thousands of doses of COVID-19 vaccines to poorer countries around the globe.

United Nations chief Antonio Guterres criticised rich nations in February, saying distribution was “wildly uneven and unfair” and warning towards so-called “vaccine nationalism” and “vaccine hoarding”.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has mentioned the pandemic is being perpetuated by a “scandalous inequity” in vaccine distribution.

The commitments are additionally seen as an effort to counter China, which is likely one of the world’s largest economies, however will not be a part of the G7.

China has shipped vaccines to 66 countries within the type of assist, based on state news company Xinhua, and has additionally pledged to produce 10 million doses to COVAX which is backed by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

COVAX goals to safe two billion vaccine doses for lower-income countries by the tip of 2021.

Before the brand new pledges this week, solely 150 million doses had been promised to COVAX, far in need of the 250 million wanted by the tip of September.

Below are the G7 pledges to date:

United States

US President Joe Biden plans to purchase and donate 500 million doses of the Pfizer coronavirus vaccine to greater than 90 countries. He has additionally known as on the world’s democracies to do their half to assist finish the pandemic.

US drugmaker Pfizer and its German companion, BioNTech, will present 200 million doses in 2021 and 300 million doses within the first half of 2022, which the United States will then distribute to 92 lower-income countries and the African Union.

The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine requires two doses and must be saved in extraordinarily low temperatures.

United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has mentioned that “the G7 will pledge to distribute vaccines to inoculate the world by the end of next year, with millions coming from surplus UK stocks.”

The UK has primarily used the two-shot AstraZeneca vaccine for its inhabitants, which was developed with the University of Oxford.

The UK says that G7 leaders are anticipated to agree to offer one billion doses by way of dose sharing and financing to finish the pandemic in 2022.

Johnson has pledged to donate a minimum of 100 million surplus coronavirus vaccine doses throughout the subsequent 12 months, together with 5 million starting within the coming weeks.

The AstraZeneca vaccine, which is affordable and straightforward to move, is a key element of the COVAX programme.

US President Joe Biden held talks on Thursday with the UK’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson forward of the G7 summit at Carbis Bay in Cornwall [Kevin Lamarque/Reuters]

EU – together with Germany, France and Italy

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has mentioned the European Union goals to donate a minimum of 100 million COVID-19 vaccine doses to low- and middle-income countries by the tip of 2021.

That features a promise by France and Germany to donate 30 million doses every, with Italy donating 15 million doses.

France has additionally mentioned it has donated 184,000 doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to Senegal via the COVAX vaccine-sharing programme.

Japan

Japan has mentioned it should donate about 30 million doses of vaccines produced throughout the nation via COVAX.

Last week,Japan delivered 1.24 million doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccine to Taiwan at no cost.

Taiwan, which emerged from the primary 12 months of the pandemic comparatively unscathed, is battling an outbreak that started final month.

Canada

The Reuters news company has reported that Canada is in talks to donate extra doses via COVAX, though it has not but made public any agency dedication of donations, or mentioned how a lot it plans to donate.

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