The United States and Mexico have returned tens of hundreds of migrant kids travelling alone again to their nation, denying them entry to asylum and typically putting their lives in hazard, Amnesty International mentioned in a report (PDF) revealed on Friday.
According to the report by the UK-based rights organisation, the US has returned the vast majority of Mexican unaccompanied minors, whereas Mexico has expelled a lot of the Central American kids who’ve entered its borders – with out successfully assessing the hazards they may face.
“What we have found is that both the US and Mexican governments were sending tens of thousands of unaccompanied migrant children back to their countries of origin without adequate screening for the harm that they could face there,” Brian Griffey, Amnesty’s North American regional researcher instructed Al Jazeera.
The report: “Pushed into harm’s way: forced returns of unaccompanied children to danger by the USA and Mexico” discovered that the US expelled 10,270 unaccompanied Mexican kids from November 2020 to April 2021. The determine represents 95 p.c of all arrivals, in response to the report.
Meanwhile, Mexican authorities turned away 3,300 Central American migrant kids who arrived via their southern borders in 2020, in response to the report. In 2019, Mexico returned 12,000 minors.
Amnesty researchers performed interviews with dozens of migrant kids who recounted being pressured into harmful conditions after they have been denied entry to asylum in the US or in Mexico.
The administration of Joe Biden which took workplace in January has continued a coverage put in place by his predecessor Donald Trump to expel the vast majority of migrants looking for asylum on the US-Mexico border below a well being provision known as “Title 42“.
But the Biden administration has exempted kids travelling alone – the vast majority of whom are coming from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador – from expulsions, arguing that turning kids away is merciless and might put them in hazard.
The US has allowed migrant kids to enter the nation and be joined by family members or sponsors whereas they make their asylum claims. Most say they are fleeing persistent poverty and widespread gang violence.
But US anti-trafficking laws has exempted Mexican kids from the correct to entry asylum in the US, in response to the 50-page report.
“US border officials conduct a superficial and ineffective screening of unaccompanied Mexican children for risks of harm or being trafficked, and then repatriate the children without ever placing them in immigration proceedings,” the report discovered.
The findings come amid persistent stress on the Biden administration to rein in the variety of migrants coming via the southern border of the US.
Vice President Kamala Harris travelled to Guatemala and Mexico earlier this week to satisfy with the 2 nations’ leaders in order to coordinate safety and developmental efforts aimed toward decreasing immigration from the area.
And on Tuesday, Harris oversaw the signing of a memorandum of understanding with Mexico, which included a dedication to strengthen joint cooperation on safety and deal with human smuggling networks.
“What that means in practice – it’s a euphemism for intercepting the same channels which unaccompanied kids are using coming from Central America to the US,” Griffey mentioned.
“There needs to be political will to allow children to pursue immigration claims in the US,” he mentioned.
On Wednesday, CBP revealed statistics displaying that greater than 180,000 individuals had made their approach to the US-Mexico border in the course of the month of May, a slight enhance from the month earlier than.
But the statistics confirmed that the variety of kids travelling alone had dropped throughout May to 10,765, down from 13,940 in April. The numbers, though nonetheless excessive, have been a marked lower from the 18,951 determine in March.