Myanmar’s generals have seized energy in a coup, plunging the Southeast Asian nation into renewed political turmoil, with tons of of 1000’s of demonstrators rallying throughout the nation demanding the discharge of elected chief Aung San Suu Kyi and the restoration of civilian rule.
The navy takeover on February 1 drew international condemnation: The US, UK, Canada, New Zealand and the EU have all introduced chosen sanctions on the nation’s generals, whereas China has expressed concern, saying that “the current development in Myanmar is absolutely not what China wants to see”.
As every day protests proceed to grip the nation, fears of a violent crackdown are rising.
Here is a timeline of events since the coup.
February 1: The navy detains Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and different senior figures from the ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) in an early morning raid, hours earlier than Myanmar’s new parliament was set to fulfill for its first session.
The navy, identified domestically because the Tatmadaw, declares a state of emergency for a 12 months, and says it took motion as a result of of alleged fraud in the November election that the NLD received in a landslide.
It fingers over all govt, legislative and judicial powers to Senior General Min Aung Hlaing.
The NLD publishes an announcement on behalf of Aung San Suu Kyi written earlier than she was detained, urging folks to protest towards the coup.
February 2: US designates the navy takeover a coup.
In Myanmar’s largest metropolis, Yangon, folks bang pots and pans and sound automobile horns in protest. Doctors and pupil teams name for civil disobedience campaigns.
February 3: Staff at 70 hospitals and medical departments throughout Myanmar cease work. Others put on crimson ribbons as half of a civil disobedience marketing campaign.
The NLD’s workplaces in a number of areas of the nation are raided, with paperwork, computer systems and laptops taken.
Myanmar police file fees towards Aung San Suu Kyi and search her detention till February 15. A police doc says navy officers who searched her residence discovered six hand-held radios that have been imported illegally and used with out permission.
Charges are additionally filed towards President Win Myint for violating protocols to cease the unfold of the coronavirus.
The generals block Facebook, in addition to its Messenger and WhatsApp providers, for the sake of “stability”.
February 4: A gaggle of protesters wave banners and chant anti-coup slogans in Mandalay, Myanmar’s second-biggest metropolis, in the primary such road protest towards the military takeover. At least three persons are arrested.
The United Nations Security Council requires the discharge of Aung San Suu Kyi and others detained by the navy, however stops brief of condemning the coup.
February 5: Teachers and a few authorities staff be a part of the Civil Disobedience motion, saying they won’t work for the authorities until the elected authorities is restored.
Japanese beverage group Kirin terminates its alliance with Myanmar Economic Holdings (MEHL), a navy conglomerate.
February 6: The Tatmadaw orders blocks on Twitter and Instagram, the place protesters had been sharing data, after which a blackout of your complete web. Tens of 1000’s of folks take to the streets to protest towards the coup in Yangon and different cities.
February 7: Protests sweep Myanmar in the most important present of mass anger since a 2007 rebellion by Buddhist monks that helped result in democratic reforms.
Internet entry is restored, however social media platforms stay blocked.
February 8: Military imposes a curfew in Yangon, Mandalay and different townships, and bans gatherings of greater than 5 folks in a bid to stamp out rising protests.
Min Aung Hlaing makes first televised deal with to the nation and guarantees to carry new elections in a 12 months and hand energy to the winners.
February 9: Police fireplace weapons largely into the air, and use water cannon and rubber-coated bullets to attempt to clear protesters in the capital Naypyidaw.
One younger lady is shot in the top with a dwell bullet. Doctors say she is unlikely to outlive.
New Zealand suspends high-level contact with Myanmar and imposes journey bans on its prime generals.
February 11: The US imposes sanctions on Myanmar’s performing president and several other different navy officers and warns the generals there may very well be extra financial punishment to return.
Ming Aung Hlaing urges authorities workers to return to work in his first public remarks on the protests towards him.
February 12: Hundreds of 1000’s be a part of nationwide pro-democracy demonstrations, with three folks wounded by rubber-coated bullets in clashes with police.
The UN Human Rights Council urges Myanmar to launch Aung San Suu Kyi and different officers, and chorus from violence towards folks protesting towards the coup.
February 13: The navy suspends legal guidelines constraining safety forces from detaining suspects or looking out non-public property with out courtroom approval and orders the arrest of well-known backers of mass protests.
It additionally threatens motion towards civil servants who refuse to return to work.
February 14: The civil disobedience motion spreads, disrupting air and practice journey.
February 15: Armoured automobiles are deployed in predominant cities and web entry is blocked as a choose extends Aung San Suu Kyi’s two-week detention by an extra two days.
February 16: Military denies its removing of Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected authorities was a coup, as police file a second cost towards the de facto chief, accusing her of violating the nation’s Natural Disaster Law.
Chen Hai, China’s ambassador to Myanmar, responds to near-daily protests in entrance of the nation’s mission in Yangon, saying Beijing was not knowledgeable in advance of the navy takeover. He says the state of affairs was “absolutely not what China wants to see” and dismisses rumours of Chinese involvement in the coup as “completely nonsense”.
February 17: Hundreds of 1000’s of folks march once more as demonstrators in Yangon park their automobiles in the center of metropolis streets and bridges to forestall military vans from transferring to interrupt up protests.
February 18: The UK and Canada impose sanctions on Myanmar’s generals whereas Japan says it agrees with the US, India and Australia that democracy have to be restored shortly.
February 19: Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, the younger lady shot in the top in Naypyidaw, dies from her wounds.
February 20: Security forces open fireplace on putting staff and different protesters at a Mandalay shipyard, killing a minimum of two folks and wounding 20 extra.
Singapore condemns the killings as “inexcusable” and the UK threatens “further action”.
February 21: Undeterred by the violence, tens of 1000’s of folks rally once more in cities and cities throughout Myanmar.
Facebook takes down the navy’s predominant web page for repeated violations of its requirements “prohibiting incitement of violence and coordinating harm”. The navy warns folks towards collaborating in a deliberate common strike saying confrontation may value extra lives.
February 22: Protesters launch a common strike. Businesses throughout the nation shut as protesters collect in their tons of of 1000’s in what native media referred to as the most important protests since the coup.
The US sanctions two extra generals concerned in the takeover, because the EU additionally publicizes sanctions on the navy.