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Researchers discover new species of snail-eating snake in Arunachal Pradesh – Times of India

MANGALURU/ BENGALURU: A workforce of researchers have found a new species of snail-eating snake Pareas kaduri, of the genus Pareas from the jap Himalayas.
Members of the snake subfamily Pareinae, are strictly nocturnal, arboreal and are one of probably the most fascinating teams of snakes that feed on quite uncommon prey. They specialise in feeding on snails and current a outstanding case of dietary specialization the place they’ve asymmetry in their dentition on the maxilla to devour prey like snails and slugs.
The analysis workforce consists of Harsha Bhosale and Mandar Sawant from Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, Pushkar Phansalkar from Pune, Gaurang Gowande from Abasaheb Garware College, Pune, Harshil Patel from Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat, and Zeeshan A Mirza from National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bengaluru.
Zeeshan advised TOI, throughout a herpetological expedition from June 25 to August 5 2019, we surveyed a number of localities throughout the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. During the surveys, we collected specimens of Pareas which seemed visually related to one another that have been later recognized to belong to 2 sympatric species based mostly on the construction of the hemipenis. One inhabitants was attributed to the species P. monticola based mostly on ventral scale quantity and lack of keels on dorsal scales and form of hemipenis. The different, nevertheless, couldn’t be attributed to any of the species reported from India, owing to the variations in scalation and hemipenis morphology.
“To identify the second population that was collected from near Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary in eastern Arunachal Pradesh, we generated molecular data for the collected specimens and compared them with known species. Results from the molecular analysis show that the specimens are genetically distinct from other species of thile genus and comparison of the morphology of known species further attests the findings. Hence, we described the population of Pareas from eastern Arunachal Pradesh as a new species following an integrative taxonomic approach incorporating morphological, osteological and molecular data,” Zeeshan said. The species has been named Pareas kaduri, after Bangalore based National Geographic photographer Sandesh Kadur. A research paper on the new species was published in the European Journal of Taxonomy.
Stressing on the need for conservation, he said, “This is the third discovery of a species from the realm. Unfortunately, this space is near Dibang Valley, the place the federal government has proposed a hydroelectric energy mission, which is able to result in the destruction of pure habitat.

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