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Govt plans to measure depth of Himalayan glaciers to assess water availability – Times of India

NEW DELHI: As world warming impacts the Himalayas, the Ministry of Earth Sciences is planning to measure the depth of glaciers within the area to assess their quantity and gauge the water obtainable in them, officers stated on Sunday.
The challenge will begin subsequent summer season, someday in June-July, stated, M Rajeevan, the ministry’s secretary.
Ravichandran, the director of the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), which can execute the challenge, stated the nation’s distant and excessive-altitude analysis centre, Himansh, can also be learning the Himalayan local weather.
The centre was established in 2016.
“The plan is to first study seven glaciers in the Chandra river basin,” he stated.
The Chandra river is a significant tributary of the Chenab river which itself is a tributary of the Indus.
The Himalayan glaciers are a significant supply of water for rivers originating from there. The Himalayan rivers are additionally a lifeline for the Indo-Gangetic plains, dwelling to a number of million folks.
The NCPOR director stated whereas the realm of the glaciers is already recognized with the assistance of satellites, what wants to be recognized is the quantity.
“The purpose of studying the depth of the glaciers is to understand the volume. This will also help us understand the availability of water and whether the glaciers are increasing or shrinking,” Ravichandran added.
He stated they are going to be utilizing a radar expertise that makes use of microwave indicators. It can penetrate by way of the ice and attain the rocks, one thing which the satellite tv for pc pictures can’t do. The indicators, after reflecting on the rocks may help perceive the depth.
“The US and the UK have the technology. So, we will be taking help of that technology,” Ravichandran added.
At first, the plan is to use helicopters that may carry these radars. Once profitable, subsequent research could be carried out in the remainder of the Himalayas.
Later, an plane or drone may very well be used relying on the radars for learning different glaciers, Ravichandran famous.

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