April 21, 2021 — The federal authorities’s really helpful pause of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine on April 13 has not considerably deflated confidence in COVID-19 immunization, a brand new ballot reveals.
In truth, 76% of 1000 registered voters surveyed nationwide stated the pause did not lower the probability that they might get vaccinated. In addition, amongst these already vaccinated, 87% stated they might “definitely” get vaccinated once more in the event that they needed to do it throughout.
The survey additionally signifies that the hole concerning vaccine acceptance is narrowing between Republicans and Democrats. For instance, 60% of Trump voters and 72% of Biden voters agreed with this assertion: “The bottom line is COVID-19 vaccines save lives, and Americans should continue to get vaccinated as soon as possible.”
“I am pleasantly surprised,” Kathleen Neuzil, MD, , stated after reviewing the outcomes.
“We in the vaccine community understand that these rare adverse events are concerning and scary. Thus, it is a credit to the FDA and CDC, who clearly communicated the reason for the pause, and the very low risk of these events,” stated Neuzil, director of the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health on the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore.
“I also credit the media for the fair and objective coverage of the incident,” she added.
The FDA and CDC really helpful the pause after six individuals developed uncommon however critical blood clots inside 2 weeks of getting the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. One of them died. At least two different instances are nonetheless below assessment.
The survey was carried out April 15-16 by Frank Luntz, PhD, for the de Beaumont Foundation. Luntz is a nationally identified political advisor and pollster who usually works for Republicans.
Just below two-thirds of respondents, 61%, consider the vaccines are secure and efficient. This sentiment was shared by 60% of Trump voters and 66% of Biden voters.
However, greater than three in 10 respondents, 32%, indicated they might by no means get a Johnson & Johnson vaccine particularly. The breakdown was 44% of Trump voters and 18% of Biden voters. Moderna and Pfizer even have vaccines accredited to be used within the United States.
“These results do not surprise me,” James McDeavitt, MD, stated. “There appears to be a relatively small portion of the population that is hard-core opposed to vaccines and are unlikely to change their minds.”
Hesitancy amongst most individuals varies by quite a lot of demographic elements, together with ethnic background, socioeconomic standing, city versus rural communities, and political affiliation, stated McDeavitt, senior vp and dean of scientific affairs at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.
“As we get more and more experience with very large numbers of people vaccinated, it is clear all groups are becoming more comfortable,” he added.
Doctors Play a Leading Role
“Americans recognize the Johnson & Johnson vaccine pause for what it is — a clear sign that our safety protocols are working the way they’re supposed to,” Brian C. Castrucci, physician of public well being and president and CEO of the de Beaumont Foundation, stated in a news launch. “Government officials must continue to be transparent and to use clear, consistent language about the vaccines.”
“The communication efforts, for the most part, are working,” Luntz added within the launch. “But to reach the more hesitant populations, it’s going to take doctors and public health leaders, not politicians.”
Neuzil agreed that healthcare employees shall be key to reaching the extra hesitant populations. “Research on other vaccines, including influenza vaccines in adults, indicate[s] that a strong recommendation from a trusted health care provider can overcome vaccine hesitancy,” she stated.
An Isolated Event?
The pollsters additionally requested if, given the choice to pause the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, individuals suppose there shall be extra critical negative effects from all of the COVID-19 vaccines.
A majority, 61%, believed the pause was an remoted occasion. In distinction, 39% believed that “this is the first of many serious side effects we will hear about.”
The pollsters additionally requested, given the really helpful pause, what individuals ought to do subsequent.
A complete of 63% replied that folks ought to proceed to get vaccinated as quickly as potential with the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines. Another 37% stated they need to wait to get vaccinated till extra info is understood in regards to the Johnson & Johnson vaccine negative effects.
Pollsters additionally inquired about how individuals perceived the choice to pause the J&J rollout.
Fifty-three p.c believed it was an excellent instance of the rigorous security monitoring of the COVID-19 vaccines in place to guard Americans. Another 29% felt this was an excellent instance of why the COVID-19 vaccines are probably unsafe, untested, and shouldn’t be taken except you completely need to. The remaining respondents had been ambivalent, selecting “it really doesn’t matter to me.”
“I am encouraged that the public is much smarter than some people assume,” McDeavitt stated. “People are not overreacting to the [Johnson and Johnson] news — but weighing a lot of factors.”
“As we get more experience, as people see friends and family vaccinated, and as the benefit of vaccines become[s] increasingly apparent, we will see hesitancy fade,” he predicted.
The ballot encompasses a margin of error of plus/minus 3%. The 1000 respondents included an oversampling of voters ages 18 to 34 to replicate voter turnout demographics within the 2020 presidential election.
The ballot is the fourth in a sequence of nationwide polls geared toward “Changing the COVID Conversation.” The surveys are designed to information more practical public well being messaging in the course of the pandemic amongst various populations, together with Black Americans, Latino communities, Republicans, rural residents, and others.