Results of the three-12 months study, revealed in the New England Journal of Medicine this week, discovered that infecting dengue-carrying mosquitoes with a innocent micro organism known as Wolbachia led to a 77 p.c drop in human instances.
Infections requiring hospitalisation additionally fell by 86 p.c in Wolbachia-treated areas of Yogyakarta, a metropolis on Java island the place the experiment was performed, researchers stated.
The study was performed by the World Mosquito Program at Monash University in Australia and Indonesia’s Gadjah Mada college.
“The 77 percent figure is honestly quite fantastic for a transmittable disease and we’re very grateful with the result,” stated Adi Utarini, a public-well being researcher from Gadjah Mada college who was a co-lead on the study.
The trial concerned releasing Wolbachia into the mosquito inhabitants throughout particular elements of Yogyakarta to measure the way it impacted the incidence of infections amongst three- to 45-12 months-olds.
It has now been expanded to different elements of town.
Wolbachia suppresses the flexibility of the virus to duplicate in dengue-carrying Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and trigger infections after they chunk people.
Previous trials involving Wolbachia — generally discovered in fruit flies and different bugs — additionally confirmed constructive outcomes in decreasing dengue instances, researchers stated.
Scientists hope the tactic might be a sport-changer in a world battle towards the disease, which might generally be deadly.
Symptoms usually embrace physique aches, fever and nausea.
“This is the result we’ve been waiting for,” stated World Mosquito Program director Scott O’Neill.
“We have evidence (that) our Wolbachia method is safe, sustainable and dramatically reduces incidence of dengue.
“It offers us nice confidence in the constructive affect this technique could have worldwide when supplied to communities prone to these mosquito-transmitted ailments,” he added.
Dengue is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne disease in the world with more than 50 million cases globally every year, including about eight million in Indonesia.
Studies have also shown the Wolbachia method can be effective in preventing the transmission of Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever and other mosquito-borne illnesses, researchers said.