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UN elects five new members to serve on the Security Council

According to the closing tally, Ghana obtained 185 votes, Gabon 183, UAE 179, Albania 175 and Brazil 181 votes.  

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) garnered three votes whereas Peru and Iran every collected one. 

Joining the others 

The Security Council is a physique of 15 members, five of that are everlasting and have veto energy: the United States, United Kingdom,  France, Russia and China.  

The newly elected five will be a part of India, Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway, the different non-permanent members. 

Prior to its profitable bid, the UAE issued a press release promising to be “a constructive partner” in addressing a few of the “critical challenges of our time”, together with selling gender equality, countering terrorism and extremism and “harnessing the potential of innovation for peace”.  

Breaking it down 

Vacating their seats had been Viet Nam, for the Group of Asia and the Pacific Small Island Developing States referred to as the Asia-Pacific Group; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, for the Latin American and Caribbean Group, known as GRULAC; Estonia, for the Eastern European Group; and Niger and Tunisia as a part of the African Group. 

The candidates ran principally unopposed inside their areas, apart from Gabon and Ghana, which had been challenged by the DRC for the two obtainable seats in the African Group.  

The five new members elected this yr will start their phrases on 1 January 2022 and serve till 31 December 2023. 

While Albania is the solely State that has by no means served beforehand, Brazil has sat on the Council ten instances, Gabon and Ghana thrice every and UAE as soon as.  

Path to service 

Before making use of, every nation should acquire the votes of two-thirds of the Member States current and voting at the General Assembly, to safe a seat on the Council.  

Broken down, this interprets to a minimal of 129 votes, to win a seat if all 193 UN Member States are current and voting. 

Even if candidates have been endorsed by their regional group and are working unopposed, formal balloting is required. 

Though unlikely, in the first spherical a Member State working unchallenged won’t garner the requisite votes in the Assembly and face a new challenger in subsequent rounds.  

There have, traditionally, been a number of situations through which prolonged rounds of voting had been required to fill a contested seat.  

Such conditions have often been resolved when one in all the contenders withdraws, or a compromise candidate is elected.  

Exceptionally, nations competing for a seat have determined to break up the time period between them. But since 1966, this solely occurred as soon as, in 2016, when Italy and the Netherlands agreed to break up the 2017-2018 time period. 

Since 2010, 78 per cent of races for Security Council seats have been uncontested.

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